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This page displays the day to day history events of America and the Military.


March 18, 1644 - In Virginia the Opechancanough Indians rise up against the settlers but after two years they will be defeated decisively. They will be forced to give up all the land between the James and York Rivers. The resulting peace will last until 1675.

March 18, 1692 - Following the accession of William III to the English throne, Pennsylvania is declared a royal colony and New York governor Benjamin Fletcher is declared governor of Pennsylvania, depriving William Penn of his proprietary powers. The Crown takes over Pennsylvania because the pacifist Quakers refused to involve themselves in the war against France and because William Penn had maintained friendly relations with the former English monarch, James II.

March 18, 1766 - After four months of widespread protest in America, the British Parliament repeals the Stamp Act, a taxation measure enacted to raise revenues for a standing British army in America. The Stamp Act was passed on March 22, 1765, leading to an uproar in the colonies over an issue that was to be a major cause of the Revolution: taxation without representation. Enacted in November 1765, the controversial act forced colonists to buy a British stamp for every official document they obtained. The stamp itself displ

March 18, 1781 - British General Cornwallis retreats to Willmington to wait for reinforcements from General Clinton.

March 18, 1818 - Congress passes the first Pension Act, which provides lifetime pensions authorized for veterans of the War for Independence with nine months Continental service in need of assistance.

March 18, 1837 - Stephen Grover Cleveland was born in Caldwell, N.J. He was the 22nd (1885-1889) and 24th (1893-1897) president of the United States, the only President elected for two nonconsecutive terms.

March 18, 1863 - Confederate women rioted in Salisbury, N.C. to protest the lack of flour and salt in the South.

March 18, 1864 - The U.S. Sanitary Commission Fair in Washington, D.C., closes with President Lincoln commending the organization for its fine work. The Sanitary Commission formed in 1861, the creation of northern civilians concerned for Union troops' medical care. The voluntary association raised more than $22 million in donations and medical supplies, and it represented a major contribution by Yankee women to the war effort. Although administered by men, the vast majority of its volunteers were women. The commission raise

March 18, 1865 - The Congress of the Confederate States of America adjourned for the last time.

March 18, 1865 - Battle of Wilson's raid to Selma, AL.

March 18, 1874 - Hawaii signed a treaty giving exclusive trading rights with the islands to the United States.

March 18, 1880 - A Frenchman, Ferdinand de Lesseps is asked to testify before a House committee regarding the French Canal Company which is building the Panama Canal. De Lesseps attempts to assure the House that France has no official connection with the canal. Born on November 19, 1805 in Versailles, France. His Family was long distinguished in the French diplomatic service. At age 19, having studied law, he was appointed eleve-counsel to his uncle, then the French ambassador to Lisbon. He served in Tunis later with his fa

March 18, 1890 - The 1st US state naval militia was organized in Massachusetts.

March 18, 1906 - Roy L. Johnson, US admiral (WW II-Pacific Ocean), was born.

March 18, 1909 - Einar Dessau of Denmark used a short-wave transmitter to converse with a government radio post about six miles away in what is believed to have been the first broadcast by a "ham" operator.

March 18, 1917 - The Germans sank the U.S. ships, City of Memphis, Vigilante and the Illinois, without any type of warning.

March 18, 1924 - The Soldierís Bonus Bill is passed by the House. It offers 20-year annuities for veterans and will cost $2,000,000,000. The Senate will concur in 23 April, but Coolidge will veto it. Congress will override the veto.

March 18, 1938 - Mexico nationalizes all oil properties of the US and other foreign-owned companies. There will be no financial settlement until 1941.

March 18, 1939 - Georgia finally ratified the Bill of Rights, 150 years after the birth of the federal government. Connecticut and Massachusetts, the only other states to hold out, also accepted the Bill of Rights in this year.

March 18, 1942 - War Relocation Authority is created to "Take all people of Japanese descent into custody, surround them with troops, prevent them from buying land, and return them to their former homes at the close of the war." Anger toward and fear of Japanese Americans began in Hawaii shortly after the bombing of Pearl Harbor; everyone of Japanese ancestry, old and young, prosperous and poor, was suspected of espionage. This suspicion quickly broke out on the mainland; as early as February 19, 1942, President Franklin D.

March 18, 1943 - The US 2nd Corps (commanded by General Patton) captures Gafsa and advances toward El Guettar.

March 18, 1943 - The CGC Ingham rescued all hands from the torpedoed SS Matthew Luckenbach.

March 18, 1944 - Allied destroyers bombard the Japanese base at Wewak during the night (March 18-19).

March 18, 1944 - On Manus, the village of Lorengau is captured by US forces. On Los Negros American and Japanese forces engage near Papitalai.

March 18, 1944 - US Task Group 50.10 (Admiral Lee) bombards Mili Atoll. Two battleships and the carrier Lexington are involved. The USS Iowa is damaged by fire from a Japanese coastal battery.

March 18, 1945 - About 1300 American bombers, with some 700 escorting fighters, drop 3000 tons of bombs on Berlin, despite heavy anti-aircraft defenses, including numerous jet fighters. The US fleet loses 25 bombers and 5 fighters.

March 18, 1945 - Forces of US 3rd Army capture Bingen and Bad Kreuznach as the advance to the southwest continues. To the south, the progress of US 7th Army is beginning to accelerate, with most of its forward units having now crossed the German border.

March 18, 1945 - There are American landings on Panay by 14,000 men of US 40th Infantry Division (General Brush) in the area near Iloilo. There is little initial opposition from the Japanese garrison.

March 18, 1945 - US Task Force 58 (Admiral Mitscher) conducts air raids on airfields on Kyushu. There are Japanese Kamikaze attacks by about 10 planes which hit Intrepid, Yorktown and Enterprise but fail to disable any of the aircraft carriers. Admiral Spruance, command the US 5th Fleet, is present for the operations.

March 18, 1950 - In a surprise raid on the communist People's Republic of China (PRC), military forces of the Nationalist Chinese government on Taiwan invade the mainland and capture the town of Sungmen. Because the United States supported the attack, it resulted in even deeper tensions and animosities between the U.S. and the PRC. In October 1949, the leader of the communist revolution in China, Mao Zedong, declared victory against the Nationalist government of China and formally established the People's Republic of China.

March 18, 1951 - Following the withdrawal of communist forces, Seoul was again in U.N. hands.1952 - There was a Communist offensive in Korea.

March 18, 1953 - The Eisenhower Administration protests the Soviet Unionís firing on a US bomber over international water.

March 18, 1959 - President Eisenhower signed the Hawaii statehood bill.

March 18, 1963 - The US Supreme Court made its Gideon ruling which said poor defendants have a constitutional right to an attorney. Gideon had been forced to defend himself in Florida in Jan 1962, and petitioned the Supreme Court to hear his complaint.

March 18, 1969 - U.S. B-52 bombers are diverted from their targets in South Vietnam to attack suspected communist base camps and supply areas in Cambodia for the first time in the war. President Nixon approved the mission--formally designated Operation Breakfast--at a meeting of the National Security Council on March 15. This mission and subsequent B-52 strikes inside Cambodia became known as the "Menu" bombings. A total of 3,630 flights over Cambodia dropped 110,000 tons of bombs during a 14-month period through April 1970

March 18, 1970 - Returning to Cambodia after visits to Moscow and Peking, Prince Norodom Sihanouk is ousted as Cambodian chief of state in a bloodless coup by pro-western Lt. Gen. Lon Nol, premier and defense minister, and First Deputy Premier Prince Sisowath Sirik Matak, who proclaim the establishment of the Khmer Republic. Sihanouk had tried to maintain Cambodian neutrality, but the communist Khmer Rouge, supported by their North Vietnamese allies, had waged a very effective war against Cambodian government forces. After

March 18, 1971 - U.S. helicopters airlifted 1,000 South Vietnamese soldiers out of Laos.

March 18, 1974 - Navy sent to sweep mines from Suez Canal.

March 18, 1975 - South Vietnam abandoned most of the Central Highlands of Vietnam to Hanoi.

March 18, 1977 - US restricted citizens from visiting Cuba, Vietnam, N. Korea and Cambodia.

March 18, 1977 - Vietnam handed over MIA to US.

March 18, 1980 - A congressman claims many U.S. combat planes can't fly for lack of spare parts.

March 18, 1981 - The U.S. disclosed that there were biological weapons tested in Texas in 1966.

March 18, 1989 - The space shuttle Discovery landed at Edwards Air Force Base in California, completing a five-day mission.

March 18, 1991 - The CGC Cape Hatteras (WPB 95305) was decommissioned on 18 March 1991. She was the last 95-foot patrol boat in the Coast Guard. She was then transferred to Uruguay.

March 18, 1994 - The space shuttle Columbia returned from a two-week mission.

March 18, 1996 - In New York, the United Nations and Iraq end a second round of negotiations over the sale of Iraq's oil. While both sides have reached agreement on several key issues, the details concerning distribution of aid to Kurds in northern Iraq remains unresolved. Due in part to market uncertainty surrounding the talks, oil prices rise to their highest levels since the 1991 Gulf War. The U.N.-Iraq talks are scheduled to restart on April 8.

March 18, 1997 - Iraq grants Russia most favoured nation status to receive Iraqi oil exports in exchange for humanitarian goods. Of the first 37 contracts approved by the United Nations in the oil-for-food sale,7 went to Russian companies representing almost 20% of the volume of oilin the sale.

March 18, 1999 - A US federal judge ordered US telephone companies to pay $6.2 million owed to Cuba to the families of 3 Cuban Americans killed in 1996.

March 18, 1999 - In Paris the ethnic Albanians signed the peace proposal, which the Serbian delegation rejected. The Kosovar Albanian delegation signed a U.S.-sponsored peace accord following talks in Paris; the Clinton administration warned NATO would act against Serb targets if Yugoslav leader Slobodan Milosevic didn't accept the agreement.

March 18, 2001 - US National Reconnaissance Office was planning a $25 billion project for some 12 satellites to be deployed by 2005.

March 18, 2002 - Britain planned to send 1,700 troops to Afghanistan to join the 6,300 US forces.

March 18, 2003 - US President George W. Bush gives a televised speech saying "Saddam Hussein and his sons must leave Iraq within 48 hours. Their refusal to do so will result in military conflict commenced at a time of our choosing".

March 18, 2003 - Some $900 million was taken from Iraq's Central Bank by Saddam Hussein and his family. The New York Times reported on May 5 that Saddam ordered the money taken from the Central Bank and sent his son Qusai in the middle of the night.

March 18, 2003 - In Australia PM John Howard said his government would commit 2,000 military personnel to any U.S.-led strike aimed at disarming Iraq.

March 18, 2004 - In Kosovo Albanians set fire to Serb Orthodox churches as NATO scrambled to deploy up to 1,000 more troops to stifle an explosion of ethnic violence. The death toll reached 31 with hundreds injured in fighting between Serbs and ethnic Albanians as violence continued for a 2nd day.

March 18, 2006 - The USS Cape St. George, a Ticonderoga-class cruiser and the USS Gonzalez, an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer, engaged pirate vessels after receiving fire from them.

March 18, 2007 - The Coast Guard made the largest cocaine seizure in its history (to date) when CGCs Hamilton and Sherman seized 42,845 pound of cocaine aboard the Panamanian-flagged M/V Gatun off the coast of Panama. The Gatun was first located by a HC-130 on 17 March.


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